Ethics and political philosophy summaries:

A. John Simmons on tacit consent and political obligation

An argument against a basic right to democratic say

A counterexample to ought implies can

A nineteenth century argument about the equality of human beings

A reconstruction of G.E. Moore’s open question argument

A Theory of Justice and its critics

Bentham's argument for the principle of utility

Bernard Williams on the idea of equality

C.D. Broad on having a conscience

Daniel McDermott on fair-play obligations

Duties to nations

Ethics of care

Euthanasia and a life not worth living (Joseph Raz)

F.H. Bradley's criticisms of utilitarianism

F.H. Bradley’s note on freedom

F.H. Bradley on responsibility, free will and determinism

F.H. Bradley on 'Why should I be moral?'

H.A. Prichard on promising

Hans Kelsen and the colony example

Hans Kelsen on the definition of democracy

Jacques Derrida on forgiveness

Joseph Raz on autonomy

Joseph Raz's argument against strict consequentialism

Joseph Raz’s criticisms of Simmons’ definition of consent

Joseph Raz on number problems in morality

Joseph Raz on promises

Philippa Foot on morality as a system of categorical imperatives

Rousseau against the right of the strongest

Rousseau against slavery contracts

Susan Okin on the gender system, the monogamous family and A Theory of Justice

Taxation is on a par with forced labour

The claim that morality is subjective

The foundationalist argument for intuitionism

The miners paradox

The mixed maxims objection to Kant

The paradox of self-ownership

The theory of self-interest in Notes from Underground

Two fair-play theories of political obligation


Other philosophy summaries:

A counterexample to Moore paradox assertions

A counterexample to ought implies can

An inconsistency in Quine

A priori knowledge of contingent propositions

A reconstruction of Frege’s puzzle

A reconstruction of G.E. Moore’s open question argument

Circularity in the definition of falsehood

Concepts, conceptions and disagreement

Donald Davidson on translation and alternative conceptual schemes

F.H. Bradley on responsibility, free will and determinism

F.H. Bradley’s regress

Galileo’s logical objection to heavier objects falling faster

Gettier cases and adept knowledge

Gettier cases and logic

Locke’s theses about language

Jacques Derrida’s argument against what can be heard is only sound

On an argument for the impossibility of miracles

Radical interpretation and alternative conceptual schemes (Donald Davidson)

Scheme-content dualism, coherentism and John McDowell's third position

The foundationalist argument for intuitionism

The ontology of reasons

The theory of self-interest in Notes from Underground

The view that introspectible mental states determine meaning

There is at most one world

Thomas Nagel's view that Davidson is an idealist

Wittgenstein on 'I may be dreaming'


Linguistics summary:

It is raining somewhere


History summary:

Notes on the Ancient Greek worldview


Anthropology summaries:

Claude Levi-Strauss, social constructivism and syllables across languages

Marilyn Strathern on the facts of English kinship

Marilyn Strathern on the concept of society is theoretically obsolete

Origins of anthropology: arguments for and against fieldwork


Essay writing:

Four common essay writing errors

Ten common referencing and bibliography errors


Computer games:

Lario’s Space Garden

Rock, Paper, Scissors


From others:

A Crossbreed, by Kafka

Annabel Lee, by Edgar Allan Poe

Arabia, by Walter de la Mare

“Broad Gold, The Evening,” by Anna Akhmatova

Charlemagne and the ring, as retold by Italo Calvino

Cleobis and Biton, as retold by Robert Graves

Gaston Bachelard on Edgar Allan Poe

Gertrude Stein explaining why she said, “A rose is a rose is a rose.”

Gottwald and Clementis, fragment from Milan Kundera


Lady Russell’s poem about metaphysics

Laura Riding anthology

Musée des Beaux Arts, by W.H. Auden

Mrs. Cannibalee

Peter Marton’s notes on Plato’s Crito

Poseidon, by Kafka

The Cruel Moon, by Robert Graves

The Horses, by Edwin Muir

The Ionian science of nature, by R.G. Collingwood

The Knock at the Manor Gate, by Kafka

The lazy science, as retold by Italo Calvino

The onion parable, as retold by Dostoevsky

The secret of the success of Charlie Chaplin, by Wyndham Lewis

The vulture, by Kafka

The story of headless Hugh, as retold by Sir James Frazer

The third night, by Natsume Soseki

“This is the way we tie our shoes,” by Jerry Fodor

Translation of a Sappho Fragment